Instrument of Accession
of Jammu and Kashmir State
26 October, 1947
Document No 113
Whereas the Indian Independence Act, 1947, provides that as from the
fifteenth day of August, 1947, there shall be set up an independent Dominion
known as INDIA, and that the Government of India Act 1935, shall with such
omissions, additions, adaptations and modifications as the Governor General
may by order specify, be applicable to the Dominion of India.
And whereas the Government of India Act, 1935, as so adapted by the
Governor General, provides that an Indian State may accede to the Dominion
of India by an Instrument of Accession executed by the Ruler thereof.
Now, therefore, I Shriman Inder Mahinder Rajrajeswar Maharajadhiraj
Shri Hari Singhji, Jammu & Kashmir Naresh Tatha Tibbet adi Deshadhipati,
Ruler of Jammu & Kashmir State, in the exercise of my Sovereignty in
and over my said State do hereby execute this my Instrument of Accession
I hereby declare that I accede to the Dominion of India with the intent
that the Governor General of India, the Dominion Legislature, the Federal
Court and any other Dominion authority established for the purposes of
the Dominion shall by virtue of this my Instrument of Accession but subject
always to the terms thereof, and for the purposes only of the Dominion,
exercise in relation to the State of Jammu & Kashmir (hereinafter referred
to as "this State") such functions as may be vested in them by or under
the Government of India Act, 1935, as in force in the Dominion of India,
on the 15th day of August 1947, (which Act as so in force is hereafter
referred to as "the Act').
I hereby assume the obligation of ensuring that due effect is given to
provisions of the Act within this State so far as they are applicable therein
by virtue of this my Instrument of Accession.
I accept the matters specified in the schedule hereto as the matters with
respect to which the Dominion Legislature may make law for this State.
I hereby declare that I accede to the Dominion of India on the assurance
that if an agreement is made between the Governor General and the Ruler
of this State whereby any functions in relation to the administration in
this State of any law of the Dominion Legislature shall be exercised by
the Ruler of the State, then any such agreement shall be construed and
have effect accordingly.
The terms of this my Instrument of Accession shall not be varied by any
amendment of the Act or the Indian Independence Act, 1947, unless such
amendment is accepted by me by Instrument supplementary to this Instrument.
Nothing in this Instrument shall empower the Dominion Legislature to make
any law for this State authorizing the compulsory acquisition of land for
any purpose, but I hereby undertake that should the Dominion for the purpose
of a Dominion law which applies in this State deem it necessary to acquire
any land, I will at their request acquire the land at their expense, or,
if the land belongs to me transfer it to them on such terms as may be agreed
or, in default of agreement, determined by an arbitrator to be appointed
by the Chief Justice of India.
Nothing in this Instrument shall be deemed to commit in any way to acceptance
of any future constitution of India or to fetter my discretion to enter
into agreement with the Government of India under any such future constitution.
Nothing in this Instrument affects the continuance of my Sovereignty in
and over this State, or, save as provided by or under this Instrument,
the exercise of any powers, authority and rights now enjoyed by me as Ruler
of this State or the validity of any law at present in force in this State.
I hereby declare that I execute this Instrument on behalf of this State
and that any reference in this Instrument to me or to the Ruler of the
State is to be construed as including a reference to my heirs and successors.
Given under my hand this 26th day of October, nineteen hundred and forty
Maharajadhiraj of Jammu and Kashmir State.