only ten out of nineteen textbooks for High and Higher Secondary class
students captured the Jammu & Kashmir markets for over three decades,
till they were replaced by N.C.E.R.T. courses in 1983, only four out of
the other twenty one books of general interest two of them on Indian education
- were published (Excluding a third one, also on Education). The loss of
the rest of the completed MSS dawned upon me after our forced flight, in
panic for life, to Jammu on 3rd March 1990. The next six months passed
on in a spell of idleness.
Then, all of
a sudden, in mid-August of the same year a mysterious spurt stimulated
me into completing about 40 to 50% of each of the five new books upto the
middle of December 1990 i.e. in four months time, to make good, at least,
a part of the colossal loss and at the same time to forestall and surmount
unavoidable frustration thereof. And, as generally happens in such cases,
it is not much surprising to note that barely one of these five books could
be completed by now after over three years.
And, what impact
it is expected to have on the reader is yet to be seen. The instinct of
individual pugnacity and racial ego seem to have pushed to the background
all cannons of sobriety, wisdom and mutual sympathy not to speak of the
spirit of humanism all over the globe in recent times, more so in Asia.
The evils of
large-scale corruption, violence and terrorism, turmoil and bloodshed as
well as international tension that followed, find their roots in unbroken
animal instincts, powerful desire and craving, avarice and greed jealousy
tending to enemity, unbridled national pride leading to an urge for domination
that leads to conflicts with others.
All these formidable
hurdles stand in the way of building a veritable heaven of global order,
or cordiality, tranquility and harmony.
spiritual life of ancient saints and sages followed by the Shaivism-cum-Sufism
of LAL DED and NUNDA RISHI as exemplified by Parmand's message and the
Rishi cult of Kashmir, that stood the test of the hardest times and vicissitudes
of life ever known to history, could verity be a panacea for some major
evils on the international scene. This would be religion in action as endorsed
by the people of great attainments widely quoted here in below :
so, I think, it will be useful to give a bird's eye-view of the Background
to what is described as KASHMIRIYAT.
the Kashmir Valley, being a vast mini-ocean like a fresh water lake (analogous
to Dead sea of Europe) as per Nila Nagas the author of Nilamath Purana,
it was called SATI SAR. The hilly slopes of Sati-Sar were sparcely populated
by Nagas and Pischasas both descendants of an ancient, grehasti sage, Kashyap
Rishi from his two wives.
In the Sati
Sar lived a ferocious, monstrous, aquatic animal, Jaladbhava who had brought
havoc on the terrestrial population of Nagas and Pischasas home of the
Naga Chief Anantnaga, after whom probably the south Kashmir township of
Anantnag is named, approached Kashyap Rishi with the request to rid them
of the terror of the wild monster Jaladbhava. Soon after somehow, an earth
quake or otherwise, the mountainous obstruction at Khadanyar near the North
Kashmir township of Baramulla was ripped ascender, creating an exit for
the lake water to drain out, resulting in the death of the aquatic monster
and the creation of the paradise of a valley in place of the dessiccated
green, valley blooming with flowers, meadows glens, murmuring brooks, sparkling
lakes, bedecked on all sides by majestic, snowy mountains glittering in
azure-blue skies, is our sweet home.... KASHMIR, a paradise on earth -
the cynosure of greedy eyes.
hutments, at long distances apart, came up. The valley was very sparsely
populated by Nagas followed by Aryas. Despite all sorts of troubles and
tribulations, stormy vicissitudes and harsh calamities, from time to time
for centuries together, the handsome, tall, long-nosed, hospitable Aryans,
called KASHMIRIS, were lured to stay on, by congenial climate and exuberance
of natural beauty. The tolerant fraternity and cordial, brotherly relationship
and graceful nature of people those whistling woods, flowery meadows lush-green,
velvety plains and the sweet-singing. colourful birds and flora and fauna,
tinged these with refined culture called KASHMIRYAT and graceful Kashmiri
therefore that what-ever comes from the hands and minds of its talented
craftsman, saint poets, elevated philosophers, scribes and sages reflects
the beauty that is Kashmir—the spring's green hues and colours, the autumn
goldens, the Chinars a-fire with wonderful reds and the hills and dales
apparalleled in virgin snows that charms and enthrall the old and weak
who watch the majestic floating watery flakes filling the atmosphere and
majestically falling steadily to the earth while the inquisitive urchins
and ready checked youth enjoy outdoor winter sports. The whole scene culminates
in the relish of GARAM MASALA and SHEER CHAIY in the comfortable warmth
of radiant Kangries
Aryans too were imbued with fine qualities of refined culture, cordial
relationship, mutual trust and respect for each others ways of life. It
is in such an atmosphere of blisful tranquility that great sprititualists,
Brahmins, Budhists, Shaivities and Sufis, like those described in this
book, flourished side by side.
All this constitutes
Kashmiri ethos, popularly known as KASHMIRIYAT.
by a strange coincidence, the three saints, mentioned in this treatise,
in common with others of the Bhakti Movement, coming after the first two
and preceding the third, faced the same hurdles and hardships in their
respective spiritual fields. They seem to have seen similar visions and
experienced similar intoxication of love of the DIVINE.
In the process
of self-realisation, Sadhaks and Yogis, as well as Sufis of wine and light
seem to have drunk the wine of the illumination of the inner sun or moon,
of the Bhakti movement, like Rama Nanda Kabir, Guru Nanak Dev, Tulsi Das,
Mira Bai, forerun by Lalleshwari and Nund Rishi, shared similar mystic
experiences and social indulgence and humanism, as did the sufi saints
like Maulana Rumi, Ibni-Farid, Rabbani and so on within their respective
disciplines later……….social harmony breathes balm, heals wounded hearts
with the lapse of time and germinates the seeds of love and affection that
pave the way to eternal divine life of peace and plenty on the individual
as well as the international planes................ How wonderfully desirable
would it be if the world community in general and the leading intellectuals
in particular emulated this Trio-of Saint poets of Kashmir at least
in so far as their guiding principles for Social Good, on Global plane
and for fraternity, humanism and brotherhoods, are concerned.
the universal goodwill, leading to a divine life of tolerance and accommodation
in day-to-day functions and socio-economic, socio-religious as well as
sociopolitical fields, as enjoined upon us by all saints and sages, were
to guide our social behaviour as also our national and international relationships.
Thoughts of Wisdom
Deny not water
to the thirsty,
Nor food to
Feed the Hungry,
if you can
Ask not the
caste of the naked.
Love thy neighbour
to godhood lies
telling the beads,
Nor by kneeling
medicant's robes but
to man (i.e. all Life).
Be good and
do good to others, Friend
Do good to
all to do as much good as we can in life, as he says, 'We have not to tread
this way again'.
ends, there dignity begins.
The mark of
wisdom is to reach a right, the present and march with the occasion.
A Hindu ascetic
from the Punjab living with his Muslim disciple, a gardener-cum-chowkidar
of Amar Singh Bagh Nasim Bagh Srinagar, Sang:
Hindu is my
A muslim by
heart I am.
I am and yet,
I am naught,
A mere nothingness,
i. Jesus Christ.
like the Budha and Mahavira was an apostle of Ahinsa, compassion and lover
of all kinds of life. They loved their friends and foes alike. They loved
the sinners but hated their sins. Jesus Christ even prayed for his enemies
forgive them for,
From a compulsory
study in our childhood, of five textbooks of the Bible named after the
five chief disciples -of Jesus Christ, we had learnt that Christ had sacrified
his life for the sins of others. " This concept could not be grasped by
our minds then. It had remained a hard nut for us to crack till Mahatma
Gandhi came on the Sociopolitical scenario of India. As a firm believer
of truth and nonviolence, he often stood in revolt, even at the peak of
his Movement, against the whole nation, calling off his Satyagraha and
undertook fasts unto death to protest against any kind of violence, physical
or verbal against individuals or groups of the British people with marvellous
It is such
a kind of discipline, self-control and social behaviour that may be cultivated
from the very formative years in schools and colleges as well as socio-political
and religious forums that will go a long way in building up the spirit
of SADBHAWANA all over.
an interesting story of an ideal cordiality of relationships between parents
and step parents, children and- step children, between brothers and step
brothers, between rulers and the ruled, between autocracy and democracy,
rights and duties, between the highbred the low castes and ethics and morality
for the building up of much-desired character and mutual trust on the human
plane as well as the professional and social planes, or otherwise.
An enemy doctor
from Sri Lanka was called in even during the course of war to revive combatant
Laxmana. Brother of Sri Rama who had fallen unconscious in the battle field
stress on self control, self sacrifice, selfless service and thus paves
the way for an orderly, disciplined life on both national and international
levels. This is the panacea for all evils, tensions and turmoils on the
surface of the earth, as pragmatically exemplified by the royal family
of king Dashratha himself and his kith and kin.
OF RELIGION IN POLITICAL LEADERSHIP
Krishna Parmahansa practiced some world religions turn by turn and had
the unique distinction of being blessed with the benigned Darshan of the
It was left
to his talented disciple Swami Viveka Nanda to vigorously infuse fresh
life of spirituality into the leaders of world religions who had met in
a conference, on a common platform in U.S.A. a ladle more than a century
ago though he was not a member invites. Such world religious conferences
have now rightly turned into a regular programme. How far such deliberations
contribute towards building a world order of the confederation of autonomous
spiritual unity and religious brotherhood only future will tell.
in such a laudable purpose of intellectuals philosophers, thinkers, statesmen
as well as choicest popular leaders is expected to accelerate the process
of religious unification for a well-knit world order.
Akbar the Great
too had initiated the experiment with good intentions but it met with little
success for obvious reasons of the utterly unacceptable creation of an
entirely new religion of Deen-e-Illahi . Let us hope and pray for good
times to come, at least for future generations if not for us here and now.
In this connection,
considering the current world trends, it should be relevent to remind ourselves
that in his youthful vigour, emperior Ashoka the great too initially happened
to be a ruthless monarch, an invincible conqueror, who extended his domain
through bloody warfare. But soon after the devastating KALINGA war, having
extended his empire further, he went around the conquered territory in
disguise to ascertain for himself the impact of war on the subdued people
and feel their pulse.
random visits, he was grieved with pathetically painful pangs of grief
on sweeping deaths, caused by war, sobs and sights, weeping & wailling
at every step. The pathetic screams and sprawling scenes of destruction
violently impinged on his ears, causing a storm of vibrations on his tympanum.
His mind was shocked and his heart melted in self scorn and compassion
for their suffering. His whole personality was shaken and shattered which
plunged him into despondency and depression.
He was extremely
remorseful & repentant. This transformed his pugnacious nature into
one of love for all life, animal or plant, and metamorphised his attitude
of apathy into one of sympathy for all mankind. He became a disciplined
disciple of Lord Budha. However, despite his effective propagation of Lord
Budha's message of casteless society, brotherhood and fraternity for a
peaceful, prosperous and tranquil world, his Budhism was not static but
a dynamic one which provided freedom of the ways of life, faiths and beliefs.
He was truly
Secular and verily, the originator of the modem concepts of animal welfare
for which purpose he is said to have established indigenous veterinary
and messages of peace harmony, love and amity were welcomed everywhere
and spread even to distant lands, far beyond the frontiers of the whole
subcontinent of India.
therefore, that the famous historian, H.G. Wells called him the greatest
of all kings that the world has ever known
How one would
wish that the global votaries/promotors/ fans of violence, turmoil, terrorism
and tensions were to feel as self-remorseful as Ashoka did and worked for
a happy, healthy world, free form fear and turmoil.
and intention of writing this volume has originated from innate aspirations
of the panic striker and perplexed people of the international community
and their sincere prayers for the early return of peaceful life that would
rid them of the day in and day out threat of the sword with spontaneous
chaos and confusion.
The first two
of the trio of saint poets have verily been the fore-runners of the Bhakhti
movement which was highly spiritual; in character with patriotic zeal and
guided by goodwill for the human race.
the third of the glittering gems of the saints poets of Kashmiri literature,
Kashmiri culture and Kashmiriyat (Kashmiri Ethos) mentioned above, followedsuit,
adding refreshing flavour and fragrence to the sweet dishes of his predecessors
with his precept and practice of harmonious life and tranquility as they
had done earlier.
Thus the three
scintilating stars described in this book stand as perfect models for the
human race to follow with enthusiasm.
I must express my thankfullness and gratitude to the following versatile
gentlemen Pt. P. N. Kaul (Retd . Telegraph Master, Srinagar and now, a
member of the Regional Council of Telegraph Unions), Pt. J. L. Khuda, Director
Perspective Planning and Roshan Lal Razdan Assistant Executive Engineer
and Ashim Khuda for enligtened suggestion and precious help respectively.
The last two mentioned also for collation work as well as extra manual
help. To S/Shri T. N. Mirza, S. N. Kotha, K.L.Moza, A.N. Dalal, O N. Raina,
Vijay Saqie, Pitchy Raina, Raj Khuda, J K Razdan and wife
To a reputed
Kashmiri poet and caligraphist Sh. P. N. Koul 'Sayil Kashmiri' for transcribing
in persian script some stanzas (as directed by J&K Academy of Art,
culture and Languages Srinagar) and to intelligent and nimble Smt. Santosh
Razdan for Devnagri script transcription work
To Deepak Kak
in particular for drawing the portrait of Lal Ded on the basis of the coloured
printed photograph,. together with my children and grandchildren.
To S/shri Mohd. Yousuf, Ramesh kumar Bhat and Pritam Vidiyarthi for typing out the M. S.
To Shri T.N. Kaul, Author and Journalist for revising the typescript and for his precious
introduction which enhanced the value of the book.
I feel proud, though mellowed to meekness to have the honour of securing
a foreword for this book by one of my old students of parts. The occasion
is especially auspicious for me to recollect the key-role as a "Prodigious
scientist" this, widely travelled, sober and reputed Journalist, Sri A.N.
Dar played in my "one -act Play", entitled, "TWIN SCIENTISTS" alongwith
the famous surgeon Dr. Brij Mohan Bhan, Retd. Chief Electric Engineer,
Sri Gokal Narayan Mujoo, Prof. M.K. Teng, Dr. A.N. Safaya (Retd Supdt.AIIMS,
New Delhi) and Prof. S. J. Sultan for superb illustrative materials alongwith
others who, I am glad to say, have been and are doing well in life .
Last, but not
the least, I am grateful to Messer's Samkaleen Prakashan for the pains they
have taken for good printing and fine get-up of the book.
P. N. Razdan
H. No. 46,
Shyam Vihar Lane, No. - 2
Talab Tillo, Jammu-180002