which is known as the 'paradise on earth', has been the abode of eminent
scholars, savants, historians and poets, like Bilhan, Mamatachary, Anandavardhana,
Gunaverman, Abhinavagupta, Jonaraja, Kalhana, etc. These luminaries had
mastery over Sanskrit language. During the Muslim rule, Persian became
the court language. Kashmiri scholars did not lag behind in acquiring mastery
in this language also and produced scholars and poets like Gani Kashmiri,
Munshi Bhawani Dass Kachroo, Hyder Malik Chadura, Narayan Kaul Ajiz, Muhammad
Azam Didmari, etc. Besides them, there were saints and poets who preferred
to use their own Kashmiri dilect for conveying their messages and thoughts.
These included both men and women. Most prominent among them were Sheikh
Noor-u-Din Noorani, Lal Ded, Rupa Bhawani, Habba Khatoon and Arinimaal.