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Dr. Shiban Krishen Raina

 Dr. Shiban Krishen Raina
Dr. Shiban Krishen Raina

Dr. Raina is ‘high-voltage literary transformer’

by B. L. Kak (Correspondent Daily Excelsior Jammu)

A new expression has been coined for Dr. SK Raina. His outstanding contribution to Hindi-Kashmiri as a translator has prompted his admirers to describe him as a ‘high-voltage literary transformer’. Dr. Raina’s literary journey which started from his birthplace, Srinagar, the capital city of Kashmir, in 1962 after he was declared 1st class 1st by University of Kashmir in his M.A. (Hindi) examination, did not stop in 1968 when he obtained Ph. D (Hindi) degree from Kurukshetra University. 

Indeed, his literary journey has entered a new phase, with his selection as Fellow of the Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla. Based at the prestigious Rashtrapati Nivas, Dr Raina has been assigned the task of working on the problems of translating from various Indian languages into Hindi with special reference to Kashmiri-Hindi. Dr. Raina, who is preparing a list of persons who have translated some works from Kashmiri into Hindi, is keen on obtaining information about such Kashmiri works, classics and books that require to be translated into Hindi. "I won’t hesitate to welcome information, in this regard, even from educated secessionist leaders of Kashmir", he says. 

Will he himself translate horror-filled woes of his Kashmiri brethren into Hindi or English language? Dr. SK Raina’s reply: " Yes, I will. All that I need are necessary inputs in Kashmiri language about men and matters since the commencement of insurgency and militancy in my homeland". Dr Raina himself is not a migrant; he left Srinagar in 1962 for better career prospects outside Kashmir.

Dr Raina, who has already retired as Principal and Head of Hindi department, Govt. College, Bibi-Rani, Alwar (Rajasthan), developed his new roots at Alwar in 1965 after he obtained his M.A (English) degree from University of Rajasthan. He has the distinction of knowing four languages, namely, Hindi, English, Kashmiri and Urdu.

Dr. Raina has so far authored 14 books and 100 papers. Happily for him, some of his books were released by India’s former President, Dr Shankar Dayal Sharma, former Prime Minister, Mrs. Indira Gandhi, and former Governor of Rajasthan, Mr. Bali Ram Bhagat. Having a 25-year-long experience as a writer and translator, Dr. Raina recently received ‘Divi-Vageesh’ award from Bhartiya Anuvaad Parishad, Delhi. 

In 1996-97, Dr. Raina was the recipient of first translation award instituted by Rajasthan Sihitya Academy, while in 1972 the Government of India’s Central Hindi Directorate awarded him prize and certificate of merit. This apart, he has also been honoured with ‘Sahitya Shree’, ‘Sahitya Vageesh’ and ‘Sahitya Gaurav’ by various literary organisations in India.

In 1983, he was awarded ‘Tamra Patra’ and cash award by Rajya Bhasha Vibhag, Patna (Bihar). In 1990, he received ‘Tamra Patra’ and cash award from Uttar Pradesh Hindi Sansthan.

Dr. SK Raina’s published works include ‘Kashmiri Bhasha Aur Sahitya’, Kashmiri Ramayan’, ‘Lala Ded’, ‘Habba Khatoon’, ‘Shaa-e-ri Kashmir: Mahjoor’ and ‘Kashmiri kavitriyan aur unkaa rachna sansaar’.

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