this section, we shall discuss the sounds of Kashmiri, and provide illustrations
to give the learner the basic idea of these sounds. The sounds of Kashmiri
have been divided into two main sections: vowels and consonants.
There are eight vowels
in Kashmiri, i.e.
All eight vowels have long forms (click on each item
two high vowels, front
two mid vowels, front and
one lower-mid back vowel:
three central vowels, high,
mid, and low: ,
There are twenty-seven
consonants in Kashmiri. They may be grouped into the following categories:
12 stops, 5 affricates, 2 nasals, 4 fricatives, 1 lateral, 1 trill, and