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Prof. Braj B. Kachru
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Read Me First
Glossary
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Preface
Acknowledgements
Symbols
Notes
About the Author
Introduction
Sounds
chapter 1
chapter 2
chapter 3
chapter 4
chapter 5
chapter 6
chapter 7
chapter 8
chapter 9
chapter 10
chapter 11
chapter 12
chapter 13
chapter 14
chapter 15
chapter 16
chapter 17
chapter 18
chapter 19
chapter 20
chapter 21
chapter 22
chapter 23
chapter 24
chapter 25
chapter 26
chapter 27
chapter 28
chapter 29
chapter 30
chapter 31
chapter 32
chapter 33
chapter 34
chapter 35
chapter 36
chapter 37
chapter 38
chapter 39
chapter 40
chapter 41
chapter 42
chapter 43
chapter 44
chapter 45
chapter 46
chapter 47
chapter 48
chapter 49
chapter 50
Selected Topics
   
An Introduction to Spoken Kashmiri

The Sounds of Kashmiri

 
In  this section, we shall discuss the sounds of Kashmiri, and provide illustrations to give the learner the basic idea of these sounds. The sounds of Kashmiri have been divided into two main sections: vowels and consonants.
 

Vowels

There are eight vowels in Kashmiri, i.e.

  • two high vowels, front and back:  and 
  • two mid vowels, front and back:  and 
  • one lower-mid back vowel: 
  • three central vowels, high, mid, and low:  and .
All eight vowels have long forms (click on each item below).

Consonants

There are twenty-seven consonants in Kashmiri. They may be grouped into the following categories: 12 stops, 5 affricates, 2 nasals, 4 fricatives, 1 lateral, 1 trill, and 2 glides. 

Contrast between palatal and non-palatal consonant sounds

The Pronunciation Practice

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