Ali Muhammad Naqavi
is incompatible with Islam, both schools having
two opposite ideologies. The Quran has explicitly
rejected the basis of nationalism and states that
language, colour and race are no criteria for
unity and privilege. The only criteria are belief
The goal of
nationalism is to create national units, whereas
the goal of Islam is universal unity. To
nationalism what matters the most is loyalty and
attachment to the homeland, whereas in Islam it is
God and religion.
is closely linked with secularism in view of the
necessity of separation between government and
religion, and politics from creed. Nationalism
leads indirectly to secularism and it changes the
meaning of minorities. In a government founded on
religion, the followers of other creeds and
schools are regarded as minorities, but with
nationalism and secularism there are only racial,
political and regional minorities.
the true boundary of nationality. A co-religionist
becomes a compatriot, and an unbeliever becomes an
school of nationalism, all are brothers and
equals, whether they are believers or infidels,
pious or evil-doers. But in Islam, a person who
does not hold the same belief, has no bond with
the Muslims, is not considered an equal, even if
he is a 'compatriot'.
of belief loosens the bond of marriage, and if one
of the couple converts to Islam or becomes an
apostate, their relationship becomes illegitimate.
This is also supported by the Quran.
rejects the idea that citizenship depends on
birth-place. Islam asserts that it depends of
nationalism, Islam teaches man not to attach
himself to land but to belief, and if necessary,
he should leave his homeland and country for the
sake of it. Emigration is a fundamental principle
in Islam. Emigration is the equivalent of 'Jihad'
unlike nationalism, one leaves his homeland for
the sake of belief and thus emigration is not only
a duty but refusal to emigrate for the sake of
belief is a treason. Attachment to a particular
land and confining one's activity and loyalty to
it is, in Islam, a futile life and act when one's
religion and ideology is being threatened.
The idea of
a 'nationalist' Muslim is as absurd as that of a
'religious communist' or 'capitalist Marxist'.
ideology of Islam expands, nationalism is
destroyed, and when nationalism grows, Islam is