Table of Contents
   Index
   Secessionist Movements
- Article 370
- Interim Government
- The Plebiscite Front
   Muslim Militancy
- The Gathering Storm
- War of Attrition
   Disinformation Compaign
- Political Alienation
- Muslim Precedence
- Economics of Militancy
   Genocide of Hindus
- The Minorities
- Quit Kashmir
- Darkness at Noon
- The Exodus
- Ethnic Cleansing
   Search for Refuge
- Leave Salary
- Scorched Earth
   Book in pdf format  

Koshur Music

An Introduction to Spoken Kashmiri

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Chapter 4
Genocide of Hindus

ETHNIC CLEANSING

The consolidation of Pan-Islamic fundamentalism and its militarisation by Pakistan was aimed to destabilize the northern states of India. It was effectively used to export the "Islamic Revolution" to Jammu and Kashmir. The first phase of the Muslim crusade in Kashmir sought to eliminate all Hindu resistance to the "Islamic Revolution". The Hindus were the first targets of the Muslim onslaught and they were marked out for extermination out of deliberate design. The Hindus had all through the crucial days, which followed the partition, offered stubborn resistance to the secessionist movements in the State and the Muslimisation of its government and society. The ethnic extermination of the Hindus was, therefore, the first strategic objective of the militant flanks, which formed the vanguard of the crusade, for the liberation of Jammu and Kashmir from India. After the war of liberation triumphed, Jammu and Kashmir would, as a part of the fundamental unity of the Muslim brotherhood, join the commonwealth of Pakistan. 

The terrorist violence in Jammu and Kashmir, as it spread, unfolded several of its aspects, which were characteristically original to it. The terrorist violence had a wider portent: the expansion of Pan-Islamic fundamentalism and achievement of the Muslimisation of Jammu and Kashmir. The extermination of the Hindus in Kashmir was a part of the revolution, which the armed struggle aimed to accomplish. 

Genocide is presumed to invoke a hundred or more killings of an ethnic group. It is generally accepted by the civilised nations of the world, and recognised by the carnos of the law of nations that genocide is the destruction in whole or in part of a national ethnic, racial or religious groups. The United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution on 11th December, 1946, declaring genocide a crime under International Law. A convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide, adopted by the General Assembly, came into effect on 12th January 1951. The Convention proclaimed genocide as a crime against International Law. The Convention listed destruction of an ethnic, racial or religious groups as genocide. Specifically, genocide includes: 

1. killing of the members of a community or a group because of their affiliations; 

2. causing bodily or mental harm to the members of a community or a group; 

3. deliberately inflicting conditions on the community or the group to bring about its physical destruction; 

4. imposing measures to prevent births in the community or the group; 

5. forcibly transferring children from one group to another. 

In Kashmir, terrorist violence involved the liquidation of thousands of the Hindus. A computation of the data of the massacre of the Hindus on the basis of the reports in the local press, newspapers published in Srinagar and other townships in Kashmir reveals that the number of the Hindus killed by the terrorists run into several thousands. The Hindus among them, mainly the Kashmiri Pandits, were killed in large numbers irrespective of their age, profession and political commitments. The press reports are supported by several surveys and inquiries undertaken to assess the loss of the Hindu lives in Kashmir. 

Among the dead were several hundred Hindus who were reported missing. Among the missing were many Hindus whose bodies were never identified and were disposed off by the State Government agencies at their will. Many of the people killed and still unidentified were Hindus. The terrorist assault on the Hindus in Kashmir commenced in the fall of l989, and by the onset of Summer 1990, more than seven hundred of them had been assassinated in cold blood. Most of the victims were innocent people who lived in poverty and persecution in the Muslim dominated constitutional organisations of the State. Among those killed were people from all sections of the Hindu society: teachers, lawyers, political activities, mediamen, intellectuals, errand boys and men of small means. 

The terrorist killings were accompanied by torture and atrocities, unheard of in the annals of human history, which tantamount to grave crime against all ethics and against humanity. In sheer disregard of the norms of political behaviour, recognised by all nations and now embodied in several international covenants, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the United Nations Covenants on Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1966, the terrorists inflicted grievous hurt, injury and torture on hundreds of Hindus. Torture deaths were brought about by inhuman practices which include strangulation by using steel wires, hanging, impaling, branding with hot irons, burning alive, lynching, gouging of eyes before assassination, slicing, dismemberment of limbs, drowning, dragging to death, draining of blood and slaughter. 

Brij Nath Shah was kidnapped on 27th April, 1990 from his home at Sadhu Ganga, Kupwara in Kashmir. Two days later, his body was found hanging by a tree. His lips had been stitched. 

Sham Lal of Chiragam in Anantnag, Kashmir, was kidnapped in May 1990. The hands and the feet of the unfortunate man were chopped off and his skull battered. Sham Lal's dead body was stuffed in a sack and left on the threshold of his house, where from it was recovered by his brother. 

Pran Nath of Uttarsu in Anantnag District, Kashmir, was kidnapped on 27th May, 1990. His body was found impaled; his chest and feet nailed. 

Three officials of the Life Insurance Corporation of India were kidnapped in Srinagar. They were subjected to torture and then confined in an abandoned Kashrniri Hindu house. The house was set ablaze. Two of the officials were burnt alive while the third official escaped with more than 50 percent burns. 

Bhushan Lal of Ompura in Budgam, Kashmir,was kidnapped on 27th April 1990. He was tortured, and then strangulated to death. His body was found the next day. 

Girja, a School teacher in Bandipora, was kidnapped from the house of a Muslim colleague. The unfortunate woman, after being gang-raped, was sliced on a mechanical saw. 

Scores of the bodies of Hindus were recovered from River Jhelum. Most of them were drowned. 

Brij Nath Kaul of Hermain, Shopian, an employee of the Agricultural Department, and his wife were tied to a speeding vehicle. Their mangled bodies were recovered ten kilometres away from their home. 

The dead bodies of several Kashmiri Hindus were salvaged from various places in Kashmir. Their heads had been severed off. 

Several dead bodies of Kashmiri Hindus were recovered which had been branded by hot iron before death. Several bodies were found with eyes gouged out. 

The most dastardly and inhuman acts of terrorism were those committed in hospitals, where the Hindus brought in for treatment after being injured in terrorist attacks were either allowed to die for want of treatment or brutally murdered by the doctors and others who collaborated with the terrorists. A number of cases were reported where the injured Hindus were allowed to bleed to death. Scores of cases were reported where kidnapped Hindus were drained of their blood and their lives were terminated. 

The worst sacrilege to which the Hindus were subjected, and which continues still, was that the kith and kin of the Hindus killed in Kashmir were not allowed to carry the dead to Jammu for cremation according to their religious rites. The dead bodies of the Hindus killed in terrorist violence were actually disposed off by the State police on its own and in total disregard of the injury and hurt, it caused to the religious feelings of the bereaved families. 

White Paper on Kashmir

 

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