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Resolution State's People's Conference, 
Ludhiana Session, 1939 on the Treaties of Indian Princes with the Paramount Power

Legal Document No 63

Whereas great stress has been laid on old treaties between the British power and the States and attempts have been made to use these treaties to perpetuate autocracy and the semi-feudal order which so long prevailed in the States and obstruct the progress of the people, it is necessary to point out the real character of these treaties, the manner and circumstances under which they were made, the person who made them, and the interpretations placed on them in later years. Out of 552 States in India only forty have such treaties and, these were usually made after a conflict between the officers and agents of the East India Company and persons who had no status of independence, but who had come to exercise authority over part of the country, after the collapse of the central authority in India, which resulted from the fall of the Mughal empire. The treaties were made without any reference to or regard for the people and applied to then existing circumstances. Gradually, as these circumstances changed they ceased to have any importance, and many of them were ignored or even completely abrogated long ago by the practice of the Political Department of the Government of India, which varied and developed with the changing policy of the Paramount Power. In any event the treaties made over a century ago cannot be considered binding on the people of the States at a time when conditions have entirely changed. The treaties are now used by the Paramount Power to intervene in the struggle for freedom in the States in favour of the Rulers, and the obligations of this power to protect the people from misrule and oppression is ignored.

This conference strongly of opinion that these treaties should be forthwith ended as being completely out of date and inapplicable to present conditions, and it calls upon the Paramount Power to refuse help to misrule and who attempt to crush the movement for freedom in these States.

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World Kashmiri Pandit Conference 1993 Panun Kashmir
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