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Koshur Music

An Introduction to Spoken Kashmiri



Kashmir History

The Muslim and Hindu peoples of Kashmir have lived in relative harmony and friendliness since the 13th century when Islam first became the majority religion in Kashmir. The Sufi-Islamic way of life that ordinary Muslims followed in Kashmir complemented the rishi tradition of Kashmiri Pandits (Hindus), leading to a syncretic culture where Hindus and Muslims revered the same local saints and prayed at the same shrines.

Periodically however, there have been rulers and leaders who have had a narrow view of Islam, and have subjected Hindu minorities to great cruelties and discrimination. The current armed secessionist movement in Kashmir mostly derives its inspiration from these people.

A canard is now being spread past few years by the secessionist-terrorists and their sympathizers that in 1990 Kashmiri Pandits left Kashmir willingly, having been "tricked" by then Jammu and Kashmir Governor Jagmohan. Nothing could be farther from the truth. The fact is that Kashmiri Pandits were driven from their homeland after a campaign of intimidation and harassment was launched against them by the military-wing of the secessionists. Kashmiri Pandits were forced from their hearths and homes at the point of gun. The objective of this ethnic cleansing was to create a minority free Kashmir valley where the goal of Islamization could be easily forced on the ordinary people. The books and articles below will provide you with an in-depth understanding of the genesis of the current political situation in Jammu and Kashmir.

Featured Collections

The Kashmir Story
The book attempts to project facts and facts alone and also underline the grievances of the Kashmiri people. Yes, they do have grievances and it is the business of the Government of India to redress them. So one believes, it is not the business of Pakistan or any other country to say "do it or else?". India can look after its territory and its people. Otherwise democracy here could not have survived all these years unlike in Pakistan. 
Paradise Lost: Seven Exoduses of Kashmiri Pandits
So much has been sung of the marvellous and magnificent beauty of the physiography of Kashmir, 'Paradise on Earth' by saints and sages, philosophers and poets, mystics and bards, divines and emperors, historians and travelers from far and near, that I wish I could describe one hundredth of what they have sung.
Understanding the Kashmir Turmoil
Kashmir, the most picturesque area in this part of the world, known for its beauty, gardens and gentle people has been reduced to a region of ghosts because of the devious means adopted by Pakistan to incite the people by giving them arms and instigating them into terrorism. This booklet gives a brief insight into the role of Pakistan and the pitiable condition of the people of Kashmir.
With love from Pakistan....
"...There are credible reports of official Pakistan support for militants fighting in Kashmir..." -- U.S. State Department report "Patterns of Global Terrorism" 1995.
Baharistan-i-Shahi (A Chronicle of Mediaeval Kashmir)
Baharistan-i-Shahi, a Persian Manuscript history of Kashmir by anonymous author and brought down to A.D. 1614, has served as an important reference work for historians from the 17th century to the present day. 
Afghanistan Factor
Afghanistan is located at the crossroads of Central, South and West Asia, sharing its borders with the Central Asian States of Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan on the north, Chinese province of Xinjiang in the east, Iran on the west and south-west, and Pakistan and Pak-occupied territory of Kashmir on the south and south-east. 
Kashmir Article 370
The present study is aimed to trace the process of federalization in India and the inclusion of special provisions for the Jammu and Kashmir State embodied in Article 370 of the Constitution of India. Since Jammu and Kashmir presents a variant of the federal structure in which the Indian States were welded, the present study is expected to provide a perspective for the future evolution of the federal frames which the founding fathers of the Constitution of India constructed. 
White Paper on Kashmir
The present crisis in the Jammu and Kashmir State is a continuation of the Muslim struggle in India for an independent Muslim homeland, which culminated in the separation of the Muslim majority provinces of Sindh, North-West Frontier Province, and Buluchistan, the Muslim majority areas of West Punjab and East Bengal and the Muslim majority division of Sylhet of the Hindu majority province of Assam, to form the state of Pakistan. 
The Poplar and the Chinar: Kashmir in a Historical Outline
The paper presents the recent militancy in Kashmir in a historical context. The policies of the Government of India that have contributed to the alienation of the different religious communities of the State are analyzed. The militancy is seen as an attempt by the fundamentalists to wean the Kashmiri Muslims away from their heritage of Rishi Islam that includes elements of Shaivism. 
Kashmir: The Storm Center of the World
The author has chosen a right title for his book. It is quite eloquent. Kashmir IS the storm center of the world. This fact has been kept hidden so far but not any longer. There is a lot to learn from Mr. Madhok's present book and no doubt students of history and international politics will find the book extremely informative, if not shocking. 
Kashmir: Past and Present - Unraveling the Mystique
The extremely awful and shocking experience of Kashmiri Pandits has given birth to a different kind of authors and analysts. Their books, some of them already published, is the result of their firsthand experience, as well as their revised opinions and rethinking on many vital subjects that deeply concern and influence our contemporary life.  >>>
Kashmir: Wail of a Valley - Atrocity and Terror
Kashmir: Wail of a Valley is the heart rending tale of the people, popularly known as Kashmiri Pandits, the natives of Kashmir who by brutal force were reduced to a minority during a few centuries of Muslim rule. 
Kashmir: Distortions and Reality
This book is at once a sharp departure from the prevailing practice of writing on Kashmir. It gives the inside account of what actually happened during the last four years and is not a partisan publication. Facts have been revealed in the larger national interest. Many prevalent assumed notions about territorial and political aspects of J&K state have been nailed. 
Kashmir: Constitutional History and Documents
Contrary to claims made by Kashmiri secessionists and their sympathizers, there is no legal ambiguity about the accession of Jammu and Kashmir state to India. At the time of independence from Britain in 1947, the more than 500 principalities that formed the Indian dominion had the option to join India or the newly formed Pakistan, or declare themselves an independent state. 

Kashmir - What Went Wrong

The oft-repeated statement that the Indians have been rather poor in both their conceptual as well as executive endeavours sounds no where as true as in our tackling of the terrorist menace in Kashmir. It has not been errors but blunders all the way. >>>



An Outline of the History of Kashmir

Historical Chronology of Jammu and Kashmir State

Pak Raid 1947

Kargil 1999

Kargil Heroes

God of Destruction



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Kashmiri Overseas Association, Inc. (KOA) is a 501c(3) non-profit, tax-exempt socio-cultural organization registered in Maryland, USA. Its purpose is to protect, preserve, and promote Kashmiri ethnic and socio-cultural heritage, to promote and celebrate festivals, and to provide financial assistance to the needy and deserving.

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World Kashmiri Pandit Conference, 1993
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