Creation Versus Evolution
New Light On An Old Controversy
By Gopi Krishna
Ever since Charles
Darwin first published his theory of Natural Selection, the subject has been
embroiled in controversy. In the case of Darwinism, the explanation for the
origin of life on the earth is that it was the combination of certain elements,
coming together more or less accidentally, which created the first primary
forms. For the creationists, the position is that God created man in his own
From my point of view, both explanations are incorrect.
The Darwinian hypothesis is weak because it could not be possible for an
accidental product to attain to such remarkable variations and complexity during
the course of millions of years. Darwinian evolution stretches chance too far.
The odds against it are almost infinite.
As for Creationism, it is equally hard to believe that
man could make an appearance on earth all of a sudden, as if he had descended
from the sky. The fossil record does not support this point of view. We see man
as a half-cultured being, before that as a savage, and before that in almost
human forms in different parts of the earth. There must have been some sort of a
growth, some sort of an evolutionóa process of gradual development.
The human fetus passes through stages from the day of
conception to the day it is born from the womb of the mother. It passes through
different stages, like a fish, tadpole, reptile, quadruped, and then a fully
formed baby. The child stands erect at the last stage, and then is able to walk
and talk, which is not possible for it to do during the first couple of years.
EVOLUTION IS PLANNED, NOT RANDOM
But what the evolutionists ignore is that the
human seed is already oriented for these later manifestations. Like the seed of
the tree, it contains the future man within it. A fertilized human ovum only
produces a human child, not any other form of life From this it is easy to infer
that in the same way life must have started on the earth as a primordial seed,
which by subsequent steps reached to the stature of man or was built up in the
various other forms of life. In other words, evolution is planned and not random
as the evolutionists say.
The reason for this attitude can probably be found in
their antagonism toward the concept of religion. It is a battle between those
who believe in religion and those who inherently are opposed to it. Most of the
evolutionists array their arguments as if evolution stands proved, but it
hasnít. There are many gaps which have not been filled in.
For instance, there is no explanation for how the
intellect developed. Darwin explains it by saying that it was due to accident or
a random mutation, as in the other cases. But no detailed explanation is
forthcoming either from him or from any other evolutionist.
Similarly, there is no explanation as to how the eye
was formed, how such a complex organ as that of the organ of sight developed.
And there are many other facts not explained, so greater opposition to the
theory is mounting up by other biologists and scientists. For that reason, the
Darwinian hypothesis does not hold such a sway today as it did fifty years ago.
Is there any reason why we should not ascribe the
phenomenon of life to the operation of an energy which is entirely dissimilar to
the material energies with which we are surrounded everywhere?
Our senses can perceive only a very tiny fragment of
the universe. There are animals and other lower forms of life which have some of
their senses developed much more acutely than the senses of man.
For example, in the case of dogs, moths, whales, and
migratory birds, there are senses which inform them of their surroundings, and
about other matters, far more accurately than they do in the case of man. We
have no explanation for the sharpness and the acuteness of their senses. Nor do
we have very complete knowledge about the brain, how it functions and what fuel
sustains it in its day to day work.
LIFE THE RESULT OF AN UNKNOWN ENERGY
With these gaps in our knowledge, it seems to be
unscientific to insist on a doctrine or a theory which still does not stand
proven to the hilt. For this reason I think it is better to have an open mind on
this question, both in respect of the creationists and the evolutionists, and
try to find an explanation which better suits the phenomenon.
The creationist theory stands on the story of Genesis
as contained in the Holy Bible. It is not supported by the revealed material of
the Vedas or the Buddhists. In the Vedas the explanation of man is more or less
of the evolutionary kind. The embodied spirit starts from the lowest form of
life, and in a cycle of 840,000 lives it completes the circle before it reaches
the stature of man.
There also its future depends on the Karma that it does
in a particular life. So from that standpoint, the Indian view is nearer to the
theory of evolution, but with this difference: It is not the material elements
but the spirit which evolves.
I believe that life is the product of another element
of creation which is entirely dissimilar to the material elements. The universe
is not only what we perceive through our senses, but it contains other energies
and forces of which we have no awareness at all. It is these energies and forces
that come into play in psychic phenomena, in the enlightenment of great prophets
and in other paranormal or abnormal phenomena of the mind.
Science has rejected all experiences of religion for
the simple reason that scientists never experimented with religion itself. If it
were to do so along the lines followed in India for thousands of years, their
attitude would change, and they too would come to understand the force which is
behind the phenomenon of life. However, there is a growing tendencyóeven among
scientistsóto believe that mind has an independent existence of its own and
that it is not an epiphenomenon or a product of the brain cells entirely. It is
only the manifestation of a force which is beyond our comprehension.
Now if it is admitted that mind has an independent
existence, and that the human mind forms a part of a whole, which is beyond our
observation, this mind must continue to exist irrespective of our bodies. If
this is true, then it cannot be supposed that this world of the mindóthis
reservoir or this oceanóis without laws of its own. It must have its own laws
just as we have laws in the physical universe.
Religious revelation has come solely to bring this fact
to the notice of mankind. Revelation says that there is something beyond the
phenomenal world which is imperceptible to our eyes but which can be observed or
experienced by means of certain disciplines and a righteous way of life.
This means there is a law which rules our destiny as
human beings with a soul and that this law has been imperfectly and partially
revealed in the various scriptures of mankind. It has been my endeavor, also, to
reveal this law as far as I have been able to observe it during the course of my
long experience in this state of consciousness.
THE LAW DEMANDS A PEACEFUL LIFE
Now this law is very hard to be put into precise
words. But the type of a life it demandsówhat kind of behavior, thinking, and
societyóis apparent and can be corroborated from a study of all of the worldís
What this law demands is that people should lead a
peaceful, moderate, and harmonious life, according to principles that are good
for others and for society as a whole. There should be no exploitation, no
aggression, no action or thought which in any way affects the welfare of another
When we compare the commandments issued by the
prophets, based on their experience of a higher state of consciousness, we can
readily see that present-day competition, both as individuals and as members of
a nation or group, brings with it the very reverse attitudes. Everyone tries to
have the largest share of the earthís resources, or of wealth, possession, or
whatever may be of use or utility to him.
This is the very thing that is forbidden under the law
which rules the evolution of the human race. In view of manís many scientific
and technological advancement, and progress in so many other aspects of
civilization, why does he seem to be even more deadened to the law than man of
two hundred or three hundred years ago? Before we can address this question, we
must first determine what civilization really is.
Does civilization mean technological advancement,
learning, large cities, palatial buildings, elevators, cars, computers, and all
the other amenities and facilities provided by science? Or does civilization
mean sound, healthy, morally perfected human beings?
Does civilization mean war, with the earth transformed
into an atmosphere in which selfish, egotistical, hard-hearted exploiters, black
marketers, criminals, and aggressors reside, or one simple community with open
fields, natural developments, small homesóa community where there is peace,
tranquillity, health, happiness, long life and love among members of a society
or of humanity as a whole? Which would you prefer?
WHAT DOES CIVILIZATION MEAN?
Our whole concept of life is sometimes mistaken.
Nature does not care if we fly in planes or if we have computers. When we
observe the various forms of life we find that we cannot compete with what she
has created in the animal kingdom. We cannot fly like an eagle, we cannot dive
like a whale, we cannot be as beautiful as a peacock. Other forms of life have
their beauties, their abilities, and their special traits of character.
It is not in building spaceships, computers, or
television sets that man can excel. It is in his perfection, in his developing
more and more mental faculties, in his knowing more of the universe surrounding
him. Otherwise, if he competes and dresses himself in satin, eats whatever he
craves every day, resides in palaces, and has all the comforts of the flesh and
yet dies without knowing anything about himself, he is no better than an animal.
There is no difference. There is only the difference in the quality of dress,
the food and other things. Otherwise he is as good as an animal. And that is
what a number of scientists tries to make of him. Man has not come on earth to
stagnate as an animal but to fly as an angel. He has come to become a god.
Our wrong thinking and stress on nonessentials make a
beast of him. What we need are thinking men and women, noble, compassionate,
loving. If these traits are lost, the consequences will be self-destruction with
the forces gained by the advance of science. The very instrument with which we
pride ourselvesóour keen intellectówill become the cause of our own
WHAT IS LACKING IS WISDOM
Our technological advancements and inventions
appear superficial and inimical to manís well being because we have overdone
them and used them to an immoderate degree. They now have become stumbling
blocks to our progress. What is lacking is wisdom. If we were to cast a glance
at the history of mankind, we would find that every civilization of the past
reached a certain zenith and then fell to the earth, never to rise again. The
Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Indo-Asians, and Chinese, arrived at almost the same
point at which Western civilization arrived in the seventeenth century, and in
some cases even advanced beyond it.
The more powers man attains, the greater the need for a
more disciplined mind to handle them. We went radically wrong when we devoted
every ounce of our energy to gain more and more knowledge and control over the
forces of nature rather than in becoming more and more self-disciplined and
perfect. The very foundation of civilization must rest on the self-perfection of
every human being.
We rejected this as a false doctrine, as superstition,
as a myth, and the result is that after two hundred years of scientific
triumphs, we are now face to face with a contingency where the annihilation of
the whole race stares us in the face.
We must ask ourselves, have men become more noble, more
honest, kinder, or more benevolent to deal with, or is the position the reverse
of this? Is there love and amity between nations or do we find hatred seething
everywhere, even between neighbors and erstwhile friends? If this is the
position in this age of scientific triumphs and technological victories, what
will be the state of society after another 25 years? The answer seems obvious.
It would be more tense, more full of alarming situations, more critical, more
threatening, and more fraught with danger than what it is today.
How long can the human brain bear this stress and
tension? When we look at the present world with all the learning it possesses,
with all the knowledge that it has gained, doesnít it mean that something is
wrong in the leading intellectuals and spiritual teachers? The future leaders
and guardians of the world should have had the experience of their inner selves
to understand life better than they are able to do now.
A NEW DIMENSION OF CONSCIOUSNESS
Man is not what he appears to be from what we can
know of him from the observation of his body and his physiology. He is something
much more. He is a soul. He is a mind. He is a conscious entity about which, at
the moment, we have very little knowledge. Therefore, it is those people alone
who have greater knowledge of his soul, his mind, his consciousnessócombined
with the knowledge of his physiology and the world in which he livesówho will
be able to guide him correctly on the path.
What the world needs are mystics, or in other words
people who have had the experience which Christ, Buddha or Socrates underwent,
coupled with full knowledge of temporal things.
There is a psychosomatic mechanism in the human body
which is operative in the race and which can be accelerated with certain
disciplines. This was done by thousands of men and women over the past 3,000
years. This center of psychic energy is responsible for genius and paranormal
gifts. All great mystics and enlightened sages were in possession of this active
center, which raised them to the level of a new dimension of consciousness. In
that dimension they could experience what is hidden from normal vision.
It is for this reason that every religious book is
written in a mandatory tone, because the message it conveys was received from a
higher source of consciousness, a source which gave the authors the confidence
that it was infallible. If it had been the result of their own reasoning they
would have been more cautious in their expression and tried to argue out what
they were saying. But the scriptures are expressed in an authoritative tone, as
if what the prophets are revealing has the sanction of a power or a mind far
above their own.
In the case of geniuses, a large percentage were
eccentric in their behavior or had mental problems at one time or another. The
same is true of mystics. But since mystics have been treated as a class apart,
men and women in communion with divinity or God, their eccentricity has been
ascribed to spiritual intoxication. Both mystics and geniuses, however, are
under the impact of an awakened Kundalini and are not able to maintain their
balance like ordinary human beings. They need special lifestyles, special ways
of thinking, behavior, discipline and moderation, in order to live healthy,
sound and happy lives, with the gifts they possess.
A SPIRITUAL RESEARCH PROJECT
The scientific experiments I have in view will
give us much more information about the lifestyles those with an awakened
Kundalini have to follow. People who are already neurotic or unstable will not
be suitable candidates for such a research project. It would be better to have
sound-bodied and sane candidates who are able to bear the stress and pressure of
the awakening and the new experiences they will endure. We have to consider that
awakening of Kundalini is not an easy undertaking, for it means acceleration of
the evolutionary processes at work in the body
People who have psychic or spiritual experiences often
have an activated Kundalini, and this imposes certain conditions on their bodies
which must be fulfilled by them. Since knowledge of this mysterious mechanism is
still very slight, still shrouded in mystery, those who have an active Kundalini
have tended to be hysteric, neurotic, unstable, or even insane.
This is also the reason why many men and women of
genius, including great mysticsóboth the result of the activation of
Kundalinióhave also been unstable, neurotic, disoriented. Gen-erations may be
needed for the emergence of ideal candidates who are perfectly suited for such
experimental projects. It will not only be the candidates themselves who will be
able to achieve that state of perfection required. but a part of this work will
also have to be done by their parents. This is the most potent method for
ensuring that generation after generation there is an attempt at self-perfection
among human beings. People will soon come to believe that it is far better to
leave their children with a healthy heredity than unnecessary and super-abundant
wealth or position.
A period of five or six years may be necessary for
those candidates who already have the seeds of the awakening in them and whose
nervous systems have attained a stage of maturity where an awakening is possible
in a healthy way.
THE GUARDIAN OF HUMAN EVOLUTION
While the mechanism of Kundalini is operative in
all the race, its operation is accelerated in highly talented and gifted
individuals, and where the conditions are favorable. In many people, there are
visionary and other experiences which tell them that something new is happening
in their mind but for which they are unable to find the reason.
Many people describe experiences heat in their system,
currents going up their spine, lights before their eyes, sounds in their ears,
and other symptoms of an awakened Kundalini. When once this knowledge becomes
widely known, these people would be able to understand their own condition and
also to use other methods that can bear the best fruit for them.
Kundalini is the guardian of human evolution and the
key to the mystery of existence. There is nothing in the whole mass of
knowledge, gathered by mankind so far, of such paramount importance as this. A
new science with a fresh outlook on the Riddle of existence is therefore needed
to open the still hidden horizons for the elevation of the race.
If this is not done, the fires of ambition and desire,
smoldering in every human breast, can never be extinguished. Each war, however
deadly, would but provide the base for a still deadlier one. The only remedy
lies in changing the direction of the human mind from temporal to spiritual
objectives. This has to be done in order to conform to the evolutionary change
in the human brain. The aim of nature is to lift man to another dimension of
consciousness, to be a superman in his own right, possessed of amazing powers of
body and mind. All the achievements won by science are but a means to this
Once this evolutionary goal becomes the subject of
discussion in the halls of learning and the media, the long-standing controversy
between evolutionists and creationists will come to an end. Then the whole of
humanity will begin to take a new direction towards peace and universal